Although managing diabetes may seem overwhelming for the millions affected worldwide, embracing the correct approach enables the way for a healthy lifestyle. Within this blog post, we've explored the fundamental aspects of diabetes management, providing references to respected sources like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Read on to understand all about diabetes in detail…

What Happens in Diabetes?

When the body struggles to regulate proper blood sugar levels, it can lead to diabetes Mellitus and if left unattended, it can potentially lead to a range of other comorbid diseases. If you notice any of the early signs of diabetes such as increased thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, numbness, tingling in your hands or feet, slow-healing sores, etc., consult a Diabetologist without delay. 

Types of Diabetes

According to WHO (The World Health Organization), there are three types of diabetes: 

1. Type 1 Diabetes: It is also called Juvenile or childhood-onset diabetes. It is characterized by deficient insulin production and can only be managed through the daily administration of insulin. Till now neither its cause nor the means to prevent it are known.

2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: It is the most common type of diabetes that can happen to anyone from all age groups. In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas fails to make enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range. Thankfully this type of diabetes can be easily managed with certain lifestyle modifications like healthy eating, regular exercise, timely medication, and routine glucose monitoring and health assessment. 

3. Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when a woman's body fails to make the extra insulin that is needed during pregnancy. If not addressed on time it can cause serious high blood sugar disorder and can adversely affect your pregnancy as well as your baby's health.

5 Effective Ways to Manage Type 2 Diabetes

As mentioned above, type 2 diabetes can be well managed with adequate lifestyle behaviors, such as:

1. Tracking blood sugar levels

Consistently monitoring blood glucose levels is pivotal for effectively managing diabetes. Several studies recommend checking your blood sugar levels several times a day with a glucose meter. 

2. Timely  administration of medication 

People with diabetes may require medication or insulin to control blood sugar levels, with treatment varying based on the type of diabetes. Collaborating closely with a healthcare provider is crucial to tailor a treatment regimen that meets your specific requirements.

3. Eating a diabetes-friendly diet

Food is an important part of diabetes care and management, The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends focusing on a balanced diet comprising low sugar and low salt, and without unhealthy fats, while emphasizing whole grains, lean meats, fruits, and green leafy vegetables.

4. Practicing regular exercise  

Regular physical activity can improve insulin sensitivity, resulting in improved overall health outcomes for individuals with type 2 diabetes. The NIH recommends practicing at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise for 5 days of the week to keep your numbers in control. 

5. Dealing effectively with stress 

Stress can have a notable influence on blood sugar levels. The WHO recommends adopting stress-reducing techniques, such as deep breathing, engaging in hobbies, and meditation into your daily routine. 

Common Complications Associated With Diabetes

Be it any type of diabetes you are dealing with, if it is not managed aptly it can lead to varied associated complications like nerve damage,   kidney problems,  cardiovascular comorbid diseases, and diabetic eye issues. 

To avoid these complications make sure to keep your vital numbers in control and to go for regular health check-ups. You can also consult a doctor online from the comfort of your home but never delay or skip routine medical workup.


Managing diabetes is a crucial and continual journey, and it needs a proper approach and support to lead a healthy and satisfying life. Individuals who are dealing with diabetes can improve their well-being and manage their condition by incorporating the strategies outlined in this blog post and seeking information from reputable sources like WHO and NIH.

For personalized guidance on diabetes and its management, you Talk to a Diabetologist online and get your questions answered in minutes at Ask a Doctor 24x7. You can also Ask a Dietician for a diabetes-friendly diet plan – exclusively designed per your individual needs and body requirements. 

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Disclaimer: Information provided on this page is not intended to substitute for proper medical advice provided by your healthcare professional. This is only for informational purposes. 

About the Author

Anudita Chakroborty

Dt. Anudita Chakraborty has a specialization in the diet and nutrition platform. With over 8 years of job experience in this field, Anudita has developed a deep understanding about the food and diet. She holds a master's degree in Food Processing and Nutrition Science, which has equipped her with the knowledge and expertise to create engaging and informative content in this domain. She has a knack for translating complex scientific concepts into easily understandable and engaging content that resonates with readers. Her ability to research and stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments in the field ensures that her content is always accurate and relevant. Throughout her career, Anudita has worked with various clients and organizations, providing them with high-quality content that educates and inspires. Her writing style is versatile, allowing her to adapt to different target audiences and deliver content that meets their specific needs. She believes that good nutrition is the foundation for a happy and fulfilling life.

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